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by Makoto Honda
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International Carnivorous Plant Society


Carnivorous Plants / Insectivorous Plants in the Wilderness
--- Online Photo Book ---

Click photos above to open the Online Photo Book

Click above to see some sample pages of "Carnivorous Plants in the Wilderness" book

 2016-09-29    Revised & Available at     Carnivorous Plants Story by Makoto Honda - for a young audience

See site HERE


 2016-07-05                                                 Revised  Phylogenetic Tree  List - APG IV (2016)   Angiosperm Phylogeny Group

Five new orders have been added, bringing the total number of orders to 64.

Boraginales, Vahliales, Metteniusales, Icacinales, Dilleniales

Not sure which spelling is correct - Metteniusales or Metteniusiales - the family is spelled Metteniusaceae  

Classification of Carnivorous Plants

 Copyright (c) 2016 Makoto Honda. All Rights Reserved.
Reference: Angiosperm Phylogeny. APG IV (2016).

Pinguicula ionantha with a syrphid fly, early March, the Florida panhandle. This fly is not a true pollinator - just messing with the palate hairs of the flower,
which, by the way, is a food body of the flower designed to divert the attention of non-pollinators away from the precious pollen.


 New 2016-02-16                                                                Utricularia:     Tuber  vs.  Air Shoot    (Reference: Peter Taylor The Genus Utricularia 1989)

Tubers are water reservoirs for the bladderworts mostly found in epiphytic and lithophytic species. The plants withdraw water from tubers during the periods of desiccation. Tubers are formed as basal thickening/swelling of stolons. In U. inflata and some allied aquatic species, small tuber-like organs are formed at the apex of leafless shoots which descend into the substrate. This happens in a stressed condition where the water level drops extremely low.   

Utricularia alpina flowers                       Utricularia alpina with tubers                        Utricularia alpina tuber

 Air shoots
are filiform shoots arising from the stolons of some aquatic species (in section Utricularia). Air shoots float near the water surface. Air shoots may bear a number of small bract-like organs, or just have a round organ at the apex, depending on the species. Air shoots are often produced in dense growth. They eventually grow into normal leaf-bearing stolons. The true purpose of air shoots is not known. My guess is that air shoots facilitate rapid vegetative reproduction...

Utricularia inflata Air Shoot

 New 2015-01-27       Newly Recognized Carnivorous Plant  -  Lindernia cleistandra from Australia!!!

Newly recognized carnivorous plant from Australia

Lindernia cleistandra
FAMILY Linderniaceae


 2014-02-05         New Book on Carnivorous Plants from     Carnivorous Plants in the Wilderness

Carnivorous Plants in the Wilderness

8.5 x 11 inches / 274 pages / Paperback

Color Photography Edition 39.95  See Amazon price

B&W Photography Edition $11.80   See Amazon price

A photograph is a capture of a moment

the photographer is there to witness the event,

creating an image frozen in time forever.

Click photo below for detail


 2015-11-10      Eaten Alive by Carnivorous Plants

Eaten Alive by Carnivorous Plants         
Carnivorous Plants Juvenile Literature  
(Grades 2-4)


English Edition from

Also Available in Japanese Edition
日本語版 from

 2012-10-01                              Pinguicula vulgaris / Michigan USA

Pinguicula vulgaris

 2012-08-01                               Utricularia geminiscapa / Michigan USA

Utricularia geminiscapa

  2011-08-15                               Utricularia intermedia

 Utricularia intermedia, southern Oregon. July 11, 2011. (Click photo for more)



 Carnivorous Plants at a Glance

Carnivorous Plants at a Glance




  Plate Tectonics /  Creationist Argument 2015-11-29
  Pinguicula   Pinguicula vulgaris / Michigan, USA  2012-09-30
  Utricularia   Utricularia geminiscapa / Michigan, USA  2012-08-01
  Utricularia   Utricularia intermedia  2011-08-15
  Dionaea   Venus Flytrap - "Cup Trap"  2011-05-01
  Flowering Plants Family Tree - APG III (2009)  2010-10-11
  Pinguicula   Pinguicula moctezumae  2010-09-28
  Pitcher Plants of Americas - Family Tree / Phylogeny of Sarraceniacea  2010-05-12
  Utricularia   Utricularia Flower Structure & Utricularia cornuta  2010-04-27
  Trip 2010 April  Pinguicula macroceras ssp. nortensis  2010-04-23
  January 2010    Monarch Butterfly Grove in California  2010-01-12
  Trip 2009 May  Utricularia floridana 2009-12-31
  Trip 2009 May Pinguicula primuliflora in the Florida Panhandle  2009-12-24
  Trip 2009 May  Orchids flowers often encountered with carnivorous plants in the U.S.  2009-12-02
  Trip 2008 June  Proboscidea parviflora Sunflowers and Devil's Claw 2009-12-22
  Trip 2009 July   Pinguicula vulgaris in Northern Michigan  2009-08-10
  Trip 2009 May  Drosera filiformis variety filiformis "Red" & Hybrid with var. tracyi  2009-08-02
  150th anniversary of the publication of The Origin of Species  Charles Darwin 2009-07-10
  Trip 2009 May  Sarracenia rubra subspecies alabamensis  2009-06-07
  Trip 2009 May  Sarracenia rubra subspecies wherryi 2009-06-06
  Trip 2009 May  Sarracenia psittacina  2009-06-08
  Darlingtonia  Darlingtonia californica - Compass Plant.  2009-02-09
  Genlisea  Genlisea flower 2008-10-28
  Trip 2008 July  Utricularia geminiscapa in Michigan, July 21, 2008.  2008-09-16
  Trip 2008 July  Drosera linearis : Linear-leaved Sundew - In Michigan  2008-09-24
  Trip 2008 May  Florida / Alabama / Georgia Trip - 2008 May   2008-07-24
  Trip 2008 March  Florida panhandle Trip - 2008 March 2008-03-24
  Utricularia  Bladderwort - What is the function of "air shoot" in Utricularia? 2008-05-24
  Butterfly  Monarch Butterfly / Over-Wintering - Coronado Butterfly Preserve  2008-02-11
  Pinguicula   Butterwort Prey Capture - Pinguicula primuliflora & Orange Tick  2008-01-11
  Drosera   Drosera adelae Flowers  2008-01-12
  Drosera   Drosera adelae Capturing a Spider 2008-01-12
  Darlingtonia Cobra Head Re-examined - Anatomy of Cobra Lily's Pitcher Leaf 2007-10-31
  Utricularia  Pollinator of Utricularia macrorhiza in Oregon 2007-10-13
  Pinguicula   Pinguicula primuliflora & Ant   2007-10-15
  Pinguicula   Pinguicula moranensis & Prey  2007-06-01
  Drosera   Sundew Prey Capture - Drosera rotundifolia   2007-05-11
  Pinguicula   Butterwort's Glands  - Pinguicula moranensis 2007-05-11
  Drosera   Drosera capensis & Tick 2007-05-11
  Dionaea   Venus Flytrap Revisited - How VF Closes Its Trap  2007-04-24
  Sarracenia  List Added --- Sarracenia at a Glance   2007-03-03
  Nepenthes  Species List  By Species Name    By Date    2007-02-16
  Dionaea   Dionaea  X-mas Shot 2006-12-25
  Dionaea   Dionaea  Glands 2006-
 003 Trip 2006 May  Cobra Plants in Rain & Spiders, Northern California. 2007-09-20
 002 Trip 2006 August  Carnivorous Plants in Kalamazoo, Michigan 2006-09-13
 001 Trip 2006 July  Cobra Plants Near Redding, CA and Shasta City   2006-09-15
 001 Sarracenia   ICPS - S. alabamensis Distribution Program.  2003-03
 001 ICPS Event   2002 International Conference in Tokyo.  2002-06-20
 001 Darlingtonia  Cobra Plant Post Card.  2002-01-20


List of U.S. Species

1.  Sarracenia
      subspecies      variety            form
S. alata                                    var. alata        f. alata
S. alata                                    var. alata        f. viridescens
S. alata                                    var. atrorubra
S. alata                                    var. cuprea
S. alata                                    var. nigropurpurea
S. alata                                    var. ornata
S. alata                                    var. rubrioperculata

S. rubra           ssp. rubra                                 f. rubra                                
S. rubra           ssp. gulfensis                             f. gulfensis
S. rubra           ssp. gulfensis                             f. luteoviridis
S. rubra           ssp. wherryi
S. rubra           ssp. alabamensis
S. rubra           ssp. jonesii                               
f. jonesii
S. rubra           ssp. jonesii                                f. viridescens

S. oreophila                           var. oreophila                          
S. oreophila                           var. onata

S. leucophylla                       var. leucophylla        f. leucophylla       
S. leucophylla                       var. leucophylla        f. viridescens             
S. leucophylla                       var. alba

S. flava                                  var. flava                   f. flava             
S. flava                                  var. flava                   f. viridescens             
S. flava                                  var. cuprea             
S. flava                                  var. maxima             
S. flava                                  var. rugelii             
S. flava                                  var. ornata            
S. flava                                  var. rubricorpora             
S. flava                                  var. atropurpurea             

S. minor                                 var. minor                 f. minor
S. minor                                 var. minor                 f. viridescens
S. minor                                 var. okefenokeensis 

S. psittacina                            var. psittacina           f. psittacina
S. psittacina                            var. psittacina           f. viridescens
S. psittacina                            var. okefenokeensis  
f. okefenokeensis
S. psittacina                           
var. okefenokeensis   f. luteoviridis

S. purpurea   ssp. purpurea         var. purpurea          f. purpurea         
S. purpurea   ssp. purpurea         var. purpurea          f. heterophylla
S. purpurea   ssp. venosa          
var. venosa             f. venosa
S. purpurea   ssp. venosa          
var. venosa             f. pallidiflora
S. purpurea   ssp. venosa           var. burkii               
f. burkii
S. purpurea   ssp. venosa          
var. burkii               f. luteola
S. purpurea   ssp. venosa           var. montana

2.  Darlingtonia
S. californica
S. californica f. viridiflora

3.  Drosera
D. rotundifolia
D. linearis
D. anglica
D. intermedia
D. capillaris
D. brevifolia
D. filiformis
D. filiformis var. tracyi

4. Dionaea
D. muscipula

5.  Pinguicula
P. vulgaris                                    
P. macroceras                                    
P. macroceras ssp. nortensis                                    
P. lutea                                    
P. caerulea                                    
P. pumila                                    
P. pumila var. buswellii                                    
P. planifolia                                    
P. ionantha                                    
P. primuliflora                                    

6.  Utricularia
U. gibba
U. striata
U. floridana
U. macrorhiza
U. intermedia
U. minor
U. geminiscapa
U. inflata
U. radiata
U. purpurea
U. subulata
U. cornuta
U. juncea
U. ochroleuca
U. foliosa
U. olivacea
U. simulans
U. resupinata
U. amethystina



Carnivorous Plants Photography Web Site:  Copyright 2001-2016 Makoto Honda. All Rights Reserved.  

Copyright 2001-2015 Makoto Honda. All Rights Reserved.                                                                    since June 2001